The Peperomia Ruby Cascade is a beautiful small vining plant that’s known for its lovely round leaves that trail downward. This makes it perfect for hanging baskets and containers.
In fact, you’ve probably seen people be quite creative with how they hang their ruby cascade because of its unique looks.
The plant is a member of the Piperaceae family. Its vining nature kind of distinguishes it from most peperomia which don’t’ grow this way.
Because of its compact size, it does not need a lot of space. But, for the best aesthetic effects, you’ll want to let it trail to show off its circular foliage.
Speaking of which, its leaves not only look distinct, they also come with varying colors. The top surface is green while the bottom is a light pint to reddish pink. Thus, you’ve likely seem some Peperomia Ruby Cascade having a mix of green and pink foliage.
If you look closely, you’ll likewise notice that the leaves are succulent-like. This allows them to store water to allow the plant to get through dry spells.
In addition to ruby cascade, it is worth noting that many stores will label the plant as Ruby Peperomia or Ruby Glow.
The plant likes warm weather as it hails from Central and South America. Many of them originate from Ecuador and Peru.
Peperomia Ruby Cascade Plant Care
Peperomia Ruby Cascade Light Requirements
The Peperomia Ruby Cascade is not a big plant. This makes it easy to position indoors. Its appearance and habit also make it perfect for hanging.
But, whichever method you want to grow the plant it, it is important that the plant receives enough sunlight.
It needs bright, indirect light to thrive. Although, you want to keep it away from direct sunlight and overly intense sun for extended periods of time.
On the other hand, it can tolerate medium and a little lot light. But, do be careful with too little light because it can slow the growth of the plant and reduce the number of leaves.
Similarly, darker places void of natural light also means it takes soil much longer to dry. It this takes too long, it could eventually lead to root rot.
As such, watch the plant’s leaves for any discoloration.
This also means that an:
- East facing window is ideal for the plant. This will give it long hours of sun exposure without a lot of heat or intensity.
- North facing windows will work as long as there is enough light coming from there. Ideally, the window is likewise big enough to allow more light to enter since a northern exposure has less light that all the other sides.
- In the west and south, you want to either keep the plant at least 3 to 6 feet away from the window or place some kind of curtain or blinds to block out some of the sun which gets intense during the afternoon.
Outdoors, place the plant in bright shade or partial shade. Since there are no walls and ceilings, there’s more light outside. As such, you want to be more careful with direct sunlight.
Peperomia Ruby Cascade enjoys warm weather. That’s because it is native to tropical and subtropical regions. As such, it cannot tolerate frost or freezing tempeatures.
This makes it ideal to grow in USDA zones 9 to 11, where you can enjoy it indoors or outdoors all year long.
That said, if you live below zone 9, you’ll still be able to grow the plant. I highly recommend going with a container as this lets you keep it as a houseplant or move it indoors or outside as you wish.
This way. once the threat of frost as passed and the weather gets warm, you can take it outside. Just make sure to bring it back indoors before nighttime temperatures get to 50 degrees or lower.
For best growth, keep the plant where climate stays between 65 and 80 degrees consistently. Fortunately, this is what most homes have since humans are comfortable in this condition as well.
In addition to the cold, avoid temperature fluctuations which the plant dislikes. Also, drafts be it cold or warm can damage its leaves. So, keep it away from air conditioning, radiators, heaters or other vents. The same is true for open windows.
Peperomia Ruby Cascade enjoys moderate to high humidity. While it prefers the latter, it will be satisfied with slightly lower levels.
This makes it amenable to average household humidity. As long as you keep levels at 40% or higher, it will do well. Avoid overly low humidity as this will cause its leaf edges and tips to turn brown.
I highly suggest picking up a hygrometer which I always rely on for my plants.
This will let you easily know the humidity at any given room at any give time of the year. Humidity will change depending on the time of year.
The two periods where you want to monitor it the most are summer and winter. Hot summers can make things dry. Similarly, cold air is dry. So, the levels in your home will drop.
If this happens, it is important that you take certain measures to improve humidity to keep the plant happy.
- Misting a few times a week
- Using a humdiifier
- Placing the plant over a water tray on top of pebbles
- Grouping plants together
- Moving it to a more humid room like the bathroom or kitchen (as long as there’s enough light there)
How Often to Water Peperomia Ruby Cascade
Your Peperomia Ruby Cascade as succulent-like leaves which allows it to hold water. This means you want to be careful with overwatering.
However, keep in mind that it is not a true succulent. So, you need to still treat it more like a peperomia plant as opposed to a succulent.
This means regular watering during the spring and summer when the plant is actively growing. But, allow the soil to dry out frost before watering again. This will prevent watering too frequently which will lead to root rot.
The best way to do this is to always feel the soil for moisture. You can stick your finger down 2 or so inches into the soil. If that depth is dry, it is time to water. If it feels moist, even a little, wait before testing again.
That said, don’t allow the soil to completely dry out for extended periods of time. Dehydrating your plant for too long will eventually kill it if it does not get any water.
In the winter, cut back on watering since it takes much longer for the soil to dry.
Similarly, avoid overly large containers. The bigger a pot is relative to the size of the plant’s roots, the higher the risk of overwatering since more soil means it will stay wet longer as well.
When watering, apply the soak and dry method.
That is, soak the root ball so the soil is saturated. Then, allow the excess moisture to drain completely.
Only return the plant to its place once there’s not more water dripping from the bottom of the drainage hole. Doing so ensures there’s no excess water.
Soil for Peperomia Ruby Cascade
Peperomia Ruby Cascade needs well-draining potting soil. Because its leaves hold water, it is a good idea to avoid heavy or moisture-retentive soils. This will increase the risk of overwatering even if you don’t actually add too much water since the soil tends to hold on to the moisture.
In addition to good drainage, it needs well-aerated soil. Aeration and water go together because they need to balance one another out.
The reason is that there are only so many miniscule air pockets in the soil. So, too much water will clock up these spaces preventing air to pass through. Unfortunately, your plant’s roots need oxygen just as much as they need water. Without it, they end up rotting.
To achieve the soil you need, you can use a combination of 50% potting soil and 50% perlite, coarse sand or pumice.
Any of the latter three will work as they all work to improve drainage. But, they’re all different so, after a while you can decide for yourself which ones you prefer.
Peperomia Ruby Cascade Fertilizer
If you use compost or worm castings and add them every spring to your potting mix, you won’t need to feed the plant any fertilizer.
This is a good way to go if you don’t want to use any chemicals or prefer not to bother with the potential headache of salt mineral reside accumulating in the soil.
That said, a more traditional way of feeding your Peperomia Ruby Cascade is to apply water soluble fertilizer every 2 to 4 weeks during the spring and summer. Make sure to dilute it to 50% strength.
You don’t need to feed it during the winter as it takes a break from growing.
Alternatively, you can likewise use slow release fertilizer. This will cut down on application as you only need to apply once in spring and another time in summer.
Your Peperomia Ruby Cascade is a slow grower as such, it likely won’t need a lot of pruning until the trailing vines get longer. That said, a lot will really depend on the look you’re going for.
Whatever you decide to do avoid pruning too much as doing so can affect future growth.
In addition to pruning for size and appearance, remove any leggy stems as well as those that are discolored or damage.
You can also take some of these cuttings for propagations.
Peperomia Ruby Cascade Propagation
Peperomia Ruby Cascade can be propagated via division or stem cuttings. As such, the choice is up to you on which you feel more comfortable with.
Like al things, both have their pros and cons.
- Division lets you start out with a semi-grown plant. So, there’s not waiting to root or for shoots to grow. But, you need to get your hands dirt and take the plant out of the container which it is not a fan of. So, it is a good idea to do this the same time you repot. That way, you don’t need to use a bigger container as well.
- Stem cuttings are simpler to do. And, you start with a younger plant. But, since you’re beginning with a stem cutting, it needs to develop roots and grow shoots. Then it also takes time for the plant to mature. Plus, there’s always the chance of propagation failure.
Either way, the best time to propagate the plant is during spring or early summer.
How to Propagate Peperomia Ruby Cascade from Stem Cuttings
- Take a sterile pair of pruning shears or scissors and cut a 3 to 6 inch stem cuttings. I like to get healthy stems with at least a few leaves on it.
- Remove the leaves at the bottom of the cutting leaving only to top ones.
- Place the cuttings in water. Change the water every few days.
- Keep the jar of water with the cutting under bright, indirect light.
- After about 2 to 3 weeks, you should see roots develop from the bottom of the stem cutting.
- Once the roots grow to about an inch long, transfer the cuttings to a small container with moist, well-draining soil.
How to Propagate Peperomia Ruby Cascade from Division
- Gently take the plant out of its container.
- Brush off any excess soil and check the roots for damage or rotting.
- Look for sections that are suitable to separate form the mother plant. Depending on how big your plant is, you may split it to 2 or 3 different plants.
- Trace the stems down to the root ball. Then find corresponding roots. For each section, you want roots and stems to be present.
- Separate the sections using a sterile knife.
- Plant each of the segments into their own containers and fill with potting mix.
How to Repot Peperomia Ruby Cascade
Your Peperomia Ruby Cascade isn’t a fast grower. So, it will take several years (2 to 3) before it needs to be repotted. Plus, the plant does not like it either.
Thus, don’t repot unnecessarily.
The plant will tolerate being slightly pot bound without any harm or problem. Its growth may just slow down a bit.
I usually look at the bottom drainage hole to see if roots are coming out. Once they start sneaking out, it is a sign they need more room.
The best time to repot is during spring or early summer. So, you can wait until them to do so.
When repotting, move up to a container that’s 2 inches wider in diameter. Avoid much larger ones since they’ll increase the risk of overwatering.
Also change the soil for a fresh one.
Great news! Peperomia Ruby Cascade is not toxic to humans, dogs or cats.
Nevertheless, it is never advisable to allow them to chew or eat any parts as stems can get caught in their esophagus.
There have been a few times my dog has eaten some plants when I leave her outside to play. And, almost every time a few hours later she’ll be throwing up.
So, while the plant is not poisonous, keep an eye on curious kids and pets that may ingest the leaves or stems.
Pests and Diseases
Peperomia Ruby Cascade is fairly resistant to pests and diseases. If kept healthy and clean, you may never need to deal with any of these problems.
That said, there’s always the possibility that pests may happen. Mealybugs are among the more common critters that try to attach the plant.
Fortunately, they’re easy to get rid of as long as there isn’t many of them. You can use rubbing alcohol and cotton to remove them.
You can also use a hose to spray them off. Of course, it’s a good idea to take the pot outside before doing this.
Diseases are more preventable since they’re often caused by moisture.
Overwatering and getting the leaves wet without allowing them drying within a certain time span are often the most common causes. Since the plant likes high humidity, this increases the risk.
So, keeping watering on point will help prevent these problems from happening.