The pearls and jade pothos (Epipremnum aureum ‘Pearls and Jade’) is a plant that’s patented by the University of Florida. Yes, there’s such a thing with plants.
That’s because it was actually created by them by crossing an N’Joy and Marble Queen potos. However, if you look closely one distinctive feature of the pearls and jade pothos is its smaller leaves.
Compared to other pothos plants including its parents, its foliage are shorter and not as wide. They come out to about 2.25 to 3 inches long and around 1.5 to 2 inches wide.
Similarly, its leaf variegations also differs from them, although they’re compose of the same colors green and white. This makes it easy to identify the plant when placed alongside other pothos plants.
That said, the plant is just as beautiful as the others. And, once you get to know how to care for it, it will liven up your home.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Plant Care
Pearls and Jade Pothos Light
Pearls and jade pothos do best in medium to bright, indirect light. They also do well in partial shade. And, don’t mind low light conditions.
The one thing you want to avoid is direct sunlight. Exposing them to this day in and day out for hours at time will burn their leaves, turning them pale color.
On the other hand, you’ll also want to watch out for changes in its leaf variegations. This is a good way to tell if there are any lighting issues. if its white, vibrant variegations beings to fade, it is a sign it is not getting enough light.
Thus, it is a good idea to move it somewhere brighter.
One of the things that make the pearls and jade pothos easy to care for is it will almost tolerate any kind of lighting except those mentioned above. So, you’re just about free to place it in any room of the room or near any window as long as it isn’t dark or under direct sunlight.
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Pearls and Jade Pothos Temperature & Humidity
if you live in USDA zones 10 or 11, you can keep your pearls and jade pothos outdoors all year round or even plant it in the ground. But, outside of these two locations, the weather will get too cold or hot at some point of the year.
Since the plant is not frost hardy, it is key that you don’t leave it outside where the winter gets cold.
Ideally, the plant likes it when temperature is kept withing 60 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Once the mercury drops under 60 degrees, it is time to move it somewhere warmer.
Don’t let is sit outside for long periods when the temperature drops under 50 degrees. Otherwise, it will die sooner than later.
This is the reason why you’ll often find the pearls and jade pothos grown as a houseplant. It is well suited for home temperatures.
When it comes to humidity, the plant likewise enjoys indoor humidity as well. Since it likes relative humidity on the higher end, it feels more comfortable during the summer months.
And, you’ll likely need to mist it during wintertime when the air gets dry if where you live has snow or frost.
In addition to misting, you can likewise opt for a few other options to increase humidity.
- Place it in the bathroom. This is the most humid location in the home.
- Group it with other plants. Plants transpire. When the moisture from their leaves evaporates, it increases humidity. On its own the plant doesn’t transpire enough to push up moisture in the air. But, as a group they can.
- Place it on top of a water bath. Keep the pot and soil dry away from the water. As the water evaporates, it increases moisture in the air.
- This lets you set how much humidity you want in the air.
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Pearls and Jade Pothos Watering
The pearls and jade pothos is a little more sensitive with water compared to other pothos varieties. Although, it is still fairly low maintenance.
The big difference here is it likes soil to be kept a little more moist than other pothos. As such, you’ll need to be a little more vigilant.
While you want the soil to dry out a bit between waterings, you only want the top inch to do so. As such, when you stick your finger into the soil to the top most joint it should feel dry. You don’t really want it much drier than that.
If it is still moist, wait 1 to 2 more days and test again. I know some friends who have a hard time feeling soil wetness with their finger, so they use moisture meters.
This is a more precise, effortless way to ensure you don’t overwater your plant. And, it is inexpensive to buy as well. Thus, I highly suggest it if you’re having watering issues.
The good news is, your pothos is fairly tolerant of neglect. As such, you can miss a watering session here and there without any consequence. However, don’t make it a habit. Just as importantly, don’t let the plant go completely dry or dehydrated for long periods of time.
Once you see its leaves droop or start to look dull and dry, it is a sign that it needs water. Once you hydrate it, it takes about 1 to 2 days and you’ll see it perk up again.
However, allowing this to happen often isn’t a good thing.
On the other hand, if your plants’ leaves begin to drop or starts to have dry, brown edges, it is a bad sign of prolonged dryness.
Your pearls and jade pothos will be happy with any kind of potting soil as long as it is well-draining. The key is to make sure that medium does not retain too much moisture that it leaves the plant sitting in water.
If this happens long enough, it will lead to root rot.
This makes it easy to care for since you can get any good potting mix from the nursery. Similarly, you can make your own and use perlite, or pumice to improve drainage.
If at any time you feel the substrate is stay too moist for too long, you can likewise add either ingredient to improve drainage.
That said, a gardener friend of mine uses cactus mix which seems to work really well for her. Cacti and other succulents don’t need a lot of water. As such, the soil designed for them is light and well draining.
Don’t forget to choose a pot that had drainage holes. This will allow excess moisture to easily drain.
Depending on where you want to display your pearls and jade pothos, you can opt for different containers. Pothos plants are versatile because you can place them on top of tables and furniture, shelves or hang them up.
Hanging the plant or placing it on a high ledge or shelf allows its vines to trail downwards. It also reduces the amount of pruning you need to do since you can let it grow long.
For tabletops and other surfaces, you’ll want to keep the plant neat and trim so it doesn’t sprawl all over the space covering things.
Pearls and jade pothos don’t need to be fed a lot. In fact, when you get it from the nursery, its potting mix will likely have a fresh dose of slow release fertilizer. If this is the case, you won’t need to feed it in the next few months. But, make sure to ask the ship to make sure.
That said, once the initial dose is used up or if your plant’s potting soil doesn’t container fertilizer, you’ll want to lightly feed it.
Keep in mind that like water, too much fertilizer is a bad thing. It can cause leaf burn because of salt reside that accumulates over time.
But, used properly, it will help your plant grow optimally. However, it is worth mentioning that the only real time your plant needs fertilizer is it is in a soil-less mix, poor soil or not growing as it should. Otherwise, you can save your money and not use plant food.
When feeding your pearls and jade pothos, us a balanced houseplant fertilizer, diluted to half strength once every 2 to 4 weeks depending on how your plant responds. You also want to do so during its growing season and skip wintertime.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Pruning
There are a few reason you’ll want to prune your pothos. These include:
- Maintaining its shape and size. This will depend on how you display it and where you put it. in hanging baskets it can cascade downwards. This means you can allow its vines to grow longer. But, on a table, it will get messy and cover other items on the surface. So, keeping it trimmer is better.
- The stems get leggy. When you see stems get longer than they should and not grow enough leaves, it is a good idea to prune them. This will encourage fresh growth.
- Remove dead, discolored foliage. These don’t look good. They also cause the plant to expend valuable resources. So trimming them will allow your pothos to focus on new growth.
Pearls and Jade Pothos Propagation
You can reproduce more pearls and jade pothos at home if you wish. The process is actually very simple. The easiest way to do so is via stem cuttings.
Here, you’ll take a healthy stem and cut it from the mother plant. Then, dip the stem in water to allow it to root.
Once its roots grow a bit, it is time to move it to a larger pot where it will begin to sprout leaves.
Transplanting & Repotting
At some point, you will need to repot your pearls and jade pothos. How long can vary between 1 to 3 years depending on how fast it grows, which again depends on even more factors including how much light it gets, the temperature, humidity, water, fertilizer and more.
The best way to tell when you start seeing roots trying to sneak out of the container. This will start with the drainage holes at these are the easiest access points outside the container.
After a while, it will start to loosen the soil as the roots try to “break out”.
You’ll also notice its growth begin to slow down. And, if kept in the same pot long after that, you’ll notice growth stop and the plant begin to show signs of distress.
The good news is, it is easy to repot pearls and jade pothos.
How to Repot Pearls and Jade Pothos
- Carefully remove the plant from the pot.
- Check the root ball for any abnormalities. You want the roots to look healthy, not mushy or soft. Brown or black colored roots are also a bad thing because that means there’s root rot, which is a result of overwatering. If you see that, you’ll want to trim the damaged roots. But, only if a small section of the root system is affected. If a large part of it is damaged, it is better to throw the plant away because it likely won’t recover.
- Prepare the new pot. Ideally, use a container that’s 2 inches larger.
- Fill the new container with potting mix up to about a third of the way.
- Insert the plant and then backfill with soil.
- Water the plant and return it to its spot
Keep he plant out of the reach of kids, dogs and cats. All parts of the plan are toxic. As such, if curious children or pets happen to chew or ingest any of it, it will cause health problems.
This includes mouth irrigation, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and a few other problems.
Pests and Diseases
Among the things that make the pearls and jade pothos easy to care for is that it doesn’t come with many pest or disease problems.
However, this does not mean you shouldn’t be on your toes. Because with plants, as with people, prevention is always better than treatment.
Pothos plants like other houseplants can be susceptible to root rot, leaf spot and other bacterial and fungal problems. The key is to keep moisture in check.
These diseases are often borne out of overwatering or allowing water to sit, be in soil or on foliage. As such, making sure you don’t water too much or too often goes a long way.
Also, when watering, pour directly onto the soil not over the plant. Wetting the plant like that then not allowing its leaves to dry make sit prone to fungal infection. As such, enough sunlight and good air circulation are key to helping moisture dry faster.
With pests, you want to be on the lookout for spider mites and scale which are the most common problems for pothos. The only way to find these critters is to check regularly, including the under sides of the leaves where they often hide.
If you see them, treat immediately using neem oil or insecticidal soap.