Monstera Adansonii Laniata Plant Care Instructions

Monstera Adansonii Laniata

The Monstera Laniata is also known as the Monstera Adansonii Laniata. It is a subspecies of the Monstera Adansonii which is why the two plants look very much alike.

That said, the Monstera Laniata is a very rare plant that come with a matching expensive price if you can find it. This makes it a well-sought after plant.

The Monstera Adansonii Laniata can likewise be hard to identify and is often confused with the Monstera lechleriana as well because of how similar they look.

The good news is that it is easy to care for.

As you would guess, the most striking feature about the Monstera Adansonii Laniata is its large leaves and unique fenestrations (holes). These holes will develop as the plant ages.

Although allowing it to climb and giving it sufficient light are very important it you want more fenestrations.

Compared to the Monstera Adansonii, the Monstera Laniata has larger fenestrations. These holes are also closer to the leaf’s mid vein.

However, if you get a young version of the plant, its leaves will be narrower and green. The fenestrations develop as it matures and they get bigger as the leaves get bigger and it gets more sunlight.

Since the plant is native to South America, it enjoys tropical conditions.

Monstera Adansonii Laniata Plant Care

Monstera Laniata Light Requirements

The Monstera Laniata needs moderate to bright indirect light to thrive. It needs these two kinds of light to grow its best.

  • Bright light – light allows the plant to go through photosynthesis. And the leaves absorb and collect light from the sun. So, the more fenestrations (holes) your Monstera Adansonii Laniata has, the less surface area there is for the leaves to absorb sunlight. Therefore, it needs a good amount of it to help the plant grow.
  • Indirect, filtered, dappled or diffused light – any of these kinds of lighting will all work. The one thing they have in common is that they have something blocking the most intense rays of the sun. Because the plant grows under the forest canopy, it is used to this kind of light. In contrast, it cannot tolerate long exposure to direct sun or very intense light. Otherwise, its leaves can get scorched.

This makes an east or north facing window the best locations to keep the plant. If you leave it in facing the west or south, keep it a few feet from the window in order to stay away from the sun’s rays.

Alternatively, you can use curtains, sheer blinds or drapes to filter the light.

The same goes with artificial lighting. While the plant will be perfectly happy with this, make sure to keep it at least a few inches from the bulbs. This prevents the heat from burning the leaves.

 

Monstera Laniata Temperature

Since the Monstera Adansonii Laniata hails from South America, it is used to tropical and subtropical conditions being that region of the world is located right on the equator (depending on which country).

This means that its weather is very different to that of North America and Europe. In contrast, it is very similar to Southeast Asia.

This is why you’ll see a lot of monstera plants grown in both these parts.

Both regions experience hot and humid weather where sunlight dominates the sky except during the rainy season. They also do not experience snow except for a very few handful of areas that are higher up in the mountains.

Thus, the Monstera Adansonii Laniata is used to moderate to warm weather. And it does best indoors in temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

While the plant can tolerate much warmer environments than this, it does cannot do the same with the cold.

In fact, once temperatures drop under 50 degrees it will struggle. Therefore avoid leaving it in these conditions, especially for extended periods of time.

This also means avoiding air conditioners, vents and areas where cold breezes  or drafts can occur.

Outdoors, you can grow it there all year round if you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. But any colder than that, make sure to bring your Monstera Adansonii Laniata indoors before the weather drops to 50 degrees.

 

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Humidity

The Monstera Adansonii Laniata likes humidity between 50% to 90%. And the higher the better.

You can easily get these levels if you live in tropical parts of the world since everyday humidity stays within this range.

However, that’s not the case the farther out from equator you go.

As such, most U.S. homes have humidity between 30% and 50% which can pose a problem for the plant depending on where you live.

Fortunately, it is fairly hardy and humidity tolerant with this regard. And your Monstera Laniata is able to stay healthy and happy with lower humidity.

However, try to maintain 40% humidity or higher if possible.

This reduces the risk of leaf tip crisping and brown edges, which are symptoms that the air is too dry.

If you see this happening, spray your plant with water once every few days. Misting will help increase moisture in the air, albeit temporarily, which is why you need to repeat every now and then.

For something that requires less manual work, you can group the plant with other houseplants or keep it on a pebble tray.

Of course, you can always get a humidifier to be more precise since you can just set the device the target humidity level and let it do the work.

 

How Often to Water Monstera Adansonii Laniata

The Monstera Adansonii Laniata likes moist soil. However, it is sensitive to overwatering.

Therefore, this is a case where you shouldn’t always give someone or something what they want.

Because overwatering can eventually lead to root rot, which in turn can kill the plant, you want to be very cautious about watering too often.

This means keeping the soil moist during summertime when the sun it out and the weather is warm. You can do this because soil dries up faster in these conditions.

But come winter, keep the soil much drier are the cold weather and less sunlight prolongs the drying out periods.

As a result, water your Monstera Adansonii Laniata once a week during summer and once every 2 to 3 weeks during winter.

And always make sure to check the soil before adding more water. You can do so by sticking your finger down 2 inches into the soil. This comes out to around the 2nd knuckle of your index finger.

If the soil at that depth feels dry, it is time to water. Otherwise, wait a few more days and check again then.

Doing this will reduce the risk of overwatering as you allow part of the soil to dry out before adding more.

 

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Potting Soil for Monstera Adansonii Laniata

Since water is the one thing the Monstera Laniata can get fussy about, you want to pay special attention to it.

Thus the other parts of preventing overwatering are:

  • Using well-draining soil – this will drain excess liquid so that the plant does not stand in water. In contrast, if you use heavy soil that holds on to moisture, it will leave the roots sitting in water even if you water properly.
  • Making sure the pot had drainage – once the soil drains the water it needs to have a way out of the pot. Otherwise, it will pool at the bottom keeping the soil wet down there. Over time, the soil will reabsorb this liquid which leads to overwatering. Thus, always choose a -pot with drainage holes. If not, you can make your own drainage by adding gravel at the bottom before putting in the soil. If not, make sure that you never overwater the plant (which takes a lot of presence of mind).

Fortunately, there are many ways to achieve light, airy, well-draining soil which is what your Monstera Laniata needs.

My favorite way is to use Aroid Mix since it provides all the things the plant needs. Plus, you can use it for your philodendrons, anthuriums, other monsteras and alocasias. All of whom belong to the Araceae family.

Here’s an easy but reliable Aroid potting mix I like to use:

  • 1 part organic potting mix
  • 1 part orchid bark
  • 1 part perlite
  • 1/2 part charcoal

That said, you can go with other options as well, epically if you already have those ingredients at home. Here are some potting mixes for Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata with few ingredients I’ve tested with success as well:

  • 60% peat moss (or coco coir) with 20% perlite and 20% compost
  • 50% potting soil with 50% coco fiber
  • 50% potting soil with 50% orchid bark

Does the Monstera Adansonii Laniata Climb?

Yes, the Monstera Laniata is a climber. In fact, this is how it grows in its native habitat. The reason is that it lives in the forest understory.

Therefore, much of the light is blocked by any plant that is taller than it is including the largest trees.

In order to grow faster and bigger, it will climb onto tree trunks to get more bright light. This in turn lets it keep growing.

It is also why if you give the plant a support like moss pole or cedar to climb on, it will grow much bigger than if left in a pot or hanging basket. It will also reward you with bigger leaves, more fenestrations and aerial roots.

 

Fertilizer

The Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata is not a big feeder. However, it does need fertilizer.

Therefore, the rule of thumb here is to make sure it gets plant food but avoid overfeeding it.

Thus, you can use a standard houseplant fertilizer, an all-purpose produce or a balanced formulation. The plant is not picky about what kind.

Follow the instructions and apply during spring and summer. It does not need plant food in the fall and winter.

Finally, avoid applying fertilizer when the soil is dry. If this is the case, water the soil before adding plant food.

 

Pruning

Like other monstera the Adansonii Laniata will eventually grow into a big plant with large leaves. This is actually something you want it to do because it is the plant’s large foliage that makes it beautiful.

Additionally, allowing it to grow will also let it produce its unique fenestrations.

That said, be ready to give it enough room.

The plant can get as tall as 12 feet high.

Although with some pruning you can keep it more manageable for indoor care.

Since it grows fast, you may need to make minor pruning every so often depending on the look you’re going for.

If you want to keep it short and bushy, you can trim the longer ones on top while letting those at the bottom and sides grow out.

It you have a support, allowing it to get taller and wrap around the pole as it gets fuller is one of its best looks. Thus, trimming will be mostly for those leaves that extend way too far out to the sides.

Therefore, how much you prune will really depend on how quickly it grows and how you want to shape your Monstera Laniata.

 

How to Propagate Monstera Adansonii Laniata

Stem propagation is the most common way of propagating the Monstera Adansonii var. Laniata. And it responds quite well to this as it will root easily from the stem cuttings.

If you have a larger plant that you want to reduce in size, you can likewise divide the plant when repotting. This will give you instant results as the new smaller plants will all be somewhat grown.

With stem propagation, you’ll need to wait for the cuttings to root which takes a while. After that, shoots and leaves will take a few more months to develop.

But the biggest advantage of stem propagation is that you can grow many new plants at the same time.

Here’s how.

  • Begin by taking a 4 to 6 inch stem cutting. Make sure that the cutting has at least one node. If you can get an aerial root with that, even better.
  • Use a sterile cutting tool and cut the stem just below the node and aerial roots if any.
  • The next step is deciding whether you want to propagate in water or in soil. Both methods yield excellent success rates. So, go with what you prefer.

If you decide on water propagation:

  • Place the stem cutting in water.
  • Make sure the node is submerged in the liquid. If you have aerial roots with the cutting, submerge those too. But, remove any leaves that get wet.
  • I like to use a glass container because it lets you watch as the roots grow.
  • In a few days (7 to 10) you’ll already see some small white portions of roots grow. They’ll grow sooner on the aerial roots which is why it is always good to add these if you can get them.
  • Change the water as needed. The goal it is to keep it clear looking.
  • In about 20 to 30 days, you should see quite a few roots already.
  • Wait until the roots get to about 2 to 4 inches long. Then you can pot them up into soil

If you decide to go with soil propagation:

  • Dip the stem cutting into rooting hormone. You can use powder, liquid or paste form. They’re all the same.
  • Plant the cutting into a container filled with well-draining potting mix.
  • Make sure the nodes are buried under the soil.
  • If your cutting comes with aerial roots you can just leave them out of the pot, cut them off or lay them on the soil.
  • While aerial roots wont root in soil (sometimes they do but you can’t force them there), using stem cutting with these roots increases propagation success rates.
  • Water the soil and keep it moist especially during the first 30 days. or so. Avoid overwatering.
  • Cover the container with a plastic bag to increase humidity. You can poke some small holes for ventilation. Make sure to remove the plastic once a in a while to let the excess moisture out.
  • It takes about 30 or so days for the roots to grow and get hold of the soil

 

How to Repot or Transplant Monstera Adansonii Laniata

Your Monstera Adansonii Laniata will need repotting every 18 to 24 months, although the exact time depends on how quickly the plant will grow.

More light will often mean a faster growing plant. Less light produces the opposite results. However other factors like temperature, water, humidity and soil also play a role.

In any case, I do prefer watching what the plant tells me as opposed to counting the months.

Basically, repot when your Adansonii Laniata gets root bound. The most obvious sign of this is when roots start coming out from the bottom of the pot’s holes, through the surface of the soil or sides crevices between the pot and the soil.

This is a sign that the plant’s root want more room to grow.

Therefore, move the plant to a container that is one size larger.

 

Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs

Yes, the Monstera Adansonii Laniata is toxic to the cats, dogs and even humans. It contains calcium oxalate crystals which will cause mild to moderate side effects including irritation, pain, difficulty breathing and vomiting.

Similarly, its sap can also cause skin irritation and allergies if you have sensitive skin. Although this does not affect most people, you can wear gloves as a precaution.

 

Monstera Laniata Problems & Troubleshooting

Monstera Laniata Pests

Mealybugs, mites, thrips and scale insects are the most common pests that your Monstera Adansonii Laniata will likely encounter. While you may never have to deal with them, it is a good idea to be prepared.

This means regularly inspecting the plant for any bugs and cleaning its leaves.

if you see any pest, immediately isolate the plant and start treatment.

Neem oil is very effective but make sure to dilute it enough if you get the concentrated version. If you get the spay version you can apply immediately.

Similarly, you can use insecticidal soap spray to get rid of the bugs.

 

Diseases

Diseases are another story because they are more preventable.

Whether is it leaf infection or soil issues, diseases are mostly caused by too much moisture. This goes for both bacterial and fungal diseases which cover majority of the problems. Although there are many variant and pathogens within both.

Thus, be careful when wetting leaves as they don’t like to stay wet for too long.

On the other hand, overwatering soil can cause root rot which is why it is important to let the soil dry a bit, use well-draining potting mix and a container with drainage holes.