In this article, I’ll go through the different ways you can propagate the plant step by step.
How do you propagate Philodendron Birkin? The most common and most popular way to propagate Philodendron Birkin is through stem cuttings.
You can root the stem cutting in water or in soil. Other ways to propagate your Philodendron Birkin include division and air layering.
How to Propagate Philodendron Birkin
Philodendron Birkin can be propagated through a number of methods. You can do so by stem cuttings, division and air layering.
Of the three, stem cuttings are the most common is via stem cuttings mainly because it is easy to do, and it does not require having to unpot the plant or do anything special.
Instead, all you need is to take a healthy stem.
Below, I’ll go through each of the methods in detail.
What Tools Do You Need to Propagate Philodendron Birkin?
The first thing I like to do when propagating any of my plants is to prepare all the tools I need. This makes it easy to use them whenever I need to. By having the tools in front of me, I can just focus on the propagation process.
Here’s what you need to propagate a Philodendron Birkin.
- A healthy Philodendron Birkin plant
- Sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears. You can also use a knife
- Rubbing alcohol
- Extra pots
- Fresh soil
- Newspaper or plastic to cover the surface. This makes it easier to clean up afterwards.
- Rooting hormone (optional)
Propagating Philodendron Birkin from Stem Cuttings
Step cutting is the most common way to propagate the Philodendron Birkin. Is it popular because you can just take a healthy stem and grow a new plant from that stem.
Also, it is easy, roots fairly quickly and has a high success rate.
Here’s how to do it.
Choose a Healthy Stem Cutting
Begin by choosing a healthy stem. This means the stem has good color, is not wilting or drooping. Additionally, it has at least 2 or 3 healthy leaves on it.
The most important thing to make sure is that the stem or section of stem you choose for your cutting has at least one node.
If there are more than one node, the better.
Another thing with Philodendron plants is that they often have aerial roots. These are roots that grow from the sides of the plants.
And instead of looking like soil roots which are white and a bit firm, aerial roots are woody.
Some philodendron varieties will produce lots of aerial roots. Other less so. Also, some aerial roots can get very long.
If you can get a cutting with at least one node and 2-3 leaves with aerial roots that would be great.
I’ve found that aerial roots increase propagation success rate. Also, the air roots tend to be the fastest ones to grow new roots when you propagate in water.
Cut the Stem
Once you’ve chosen the stem or stems, it is time to take the cuttings.
Get your scissors or pruning shears and wipe the blades with rubbing alcohol to disinfect them. Then cut just below the node. You can cut about half in inch or an inch below the node.
Try to make a clean cut.
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Remove the Lower Leaves
Remove the lower leaves. These leaves will either end up in the water or in soil. Both of which are not good and will hinder the propagation process.
Therefore, cut the lower leaves.
However, leave the upper leaves since they will help with photosynthesis.
Propagating Philodendron Birkin in Water
Once you’ve take the cuttings and removed the lower leaves, it is time to choose your method of rooting your stem cuttings.
Rooting your cuttings is the process of allowing roots to emerge from the nodes. This is why nodes are essential. If your cutting has no nodes, roots cannot grow. Therefore, there is no chance of propagation success.
The two most popular ways to root stem cuttings are in water and soil. Although you can use sphagnum moss as well.
Therefore, it is time to choose.
In this section, I’ll start with water propagation then explain soil propagation in the next section.
Fill a Glass Container with Water
To propagate your stem cuttings in water, prepare a glass container. Technically, you can use any kind of container. However, I like to use glass because it allows you to see the stem in the water.
This lets you monitor root development. It also allows you to know when the water starts to get cloudy.
Choose a container that will fit and hold your stem. This will depend on how big or small the stem cutting you have is.
Place the Cuttings in Water
Place your stem cuttings in the water.
The goal here is to submerge the nodes in the water. Ideally, you want a good part of the stem cutting to go into the water.
Also make sure that the stem cutting is securely in place, so it does not tip over or get out of the water.
Keep the Cutting in a Well-Lit Place
Next, place the cuttings in bright, indirect light. This is important since the new plant will need light to grow. Light is essential so it is important that you give it sufficient illumination.
Avoid low light locations, especially dim or dark areas of your home.
However, keep the cuttings away from direct sunlight as well. This will be too intense. And will burn the leaves.
Change the Water Regularly
Another thing to keep in mind is change the water. Typically, this comes out to around once a week.
However, a lot depends on the size of your container.
The thing to watch out for is when the water in the container gets cloudy. When this happens, change the water.
Avoid letting the liquid go murky as it will increase the chance of pathogen growth.
Wait for Roots to Grow
Now, it is time to wait.
It typically takes a philodendron Birkin about 3 or so weeks to root in water. You’ll likely see a few roots emerge before them.
But you want to wait until the roots have grown to at least 1-2 inches long before you move them to potting mix. You can likewise wait a little longer as well.
Transplant the Cuttings into Potting Mix
Once the roots are 2 inches long, transplant it to soil.
Make sure to use well-draining potting mix. You can use an Aroid mix which is perfect for Philodendrons.
Or you can make your own potting soil as well.
Just mix regular potting soil with perlite. You can likewise use peat and perlite.
Then, fill a new pot with the potting mix and plant the cutting into the soil. Be careful since the roots are still small and delicate.
Propagating Philodendron Birkin in Soil
If you don’t want to go through the extra step of rooting in water, then soil propagation may be a better option for you.
The advantage of rooting in soil is that you don’t need to start with water then transfer the cutting into soil. However, because the roots grow under the soil, you cannot monitor their growth or see if something isn’t going right.
Dip the Cuttings in Rooting Hormone
Once you have the cutting and have removed the lover leaves, instead of placing the cuttings in water, dip the cuttings in rooting hormone instead.
This step is optional. But it does speed up the rate at which new roots emerge. It also improves propagation success rates.
Prepare the Potting Mix
Next prepare the potting mix.
Like above, you can use a combination of houseplant potting mix with perlite. I like to use 2/3 potting soil mixed with 1/3 perlite.
This provides good drainage.
Then fill a small pot with the potting mix.
Plant the Cuttings in Soil
Make a small hole in the potting mix with your finger and insert the stem cutting there.
Make sure the nodes are all buried under the soil. You need to do this in order for the rotos to grow.
Then place the cuttings in bright, indirect light.
It will take about 4 weeks for the roots to develop.
How to Propagate Philodendron Birkin Using Division
Besides propagating your Philodendron Birkin from stem cuttings, you can also do so by division.
Division is very different from stem cuttings in that instead of taking parts of the stem, you’ll be dividing the root system into 2 or more parts.
Thus, you need a mature Philodendron Birkin. The bigger the plant, the more divisions you can make.
Then you can plant each divided section into its own pot.
These sections will grow into individual plants over time.
The biggest benefit of propagating by division is that the new plants are semi-grown plants. Therefore, you don’t need for them to root or to sprout their first leaves.
However, on the downside, size becomes a limitation.
Division also takes a bit more work (at least initially) because you need to unpot the plant, the divide sections of the roots by hand or using a knife.
After that, you plant each divided section into their own pots.
How to Propagate Philodendron Birkin via Air Layering
Like division, air layering is a completely different method you can use to propagate your Philodendron Birkin. It is less commonly used because it is a bit more intimidating for some growers.
Additionally, not all plants can be propagated by using air layering.
If you want to air layer your philodendron, you’ll need a few extra tools on hand.
- Plastic wrap
- Peat moss or sphagnum moss
Here’s how to do it.
Choose a Node
Select a healthy node. Nodes are easily to find on the stems of Philodendron Birkin because they are big nubs or bumps you can easily see and feel if you run your fingers through their stems.
Nodes are where the roots will grow from, so they are essential when it comes to propagating your Philodendrons.
Cover the Node with Sphagnum Moss
Next, take a handful of sphagnum moss. You can use peat moss as well.
The goal is to cover the node with a good chunk of moss. Make sure to cover it on all sides. This will be its growing medium so you need it to cover the area so the roots will grow.
Wrap the Nodes
To keep the moss in place around the node, you can use plastic wrap. Just use the semi-transparent one you have in the kitchen. Roll out a bit of the wrap then wrap it around the moss on the node.
This will give you an oblong moss ball that’s wrapped in plastic.
Try to leave a little bit of space on top so you can spray the moss from there.
Another option to plastic wrap is you ca use the transparent plastic cups. Just cut out the bottom and you have a cylinder of plastic with no top or bottom.
Use this to wrap the moss and just tape it up to keep the ends of the cup in place.
Keep the Moss Moist
The is very important. You want to keep the moss moist at all times. Avoid overwatering but it should not dry.
I think this is the trickiest part with air layering your Philodendron Birkin. You need to make sure to check the moss so you don’t add too much moisture or let it dry.
I like to use a spray bottle and just spray through the hole or holes in the plastic wrap. Two or three sprays per time is enough to keep it moist.
Wait for the Node to Root
Now it is time to wait.
It takes about 2 to 3 weeks for roots to develop from the node. I may take a month in some cases.
But you’ll be able to see the roots grow into the moss and around the node through the plastic.
Unwrap the Moss
When there’s a good amount of roots that have grown, it is time to start getting ready to pot the new plant.
Before you do, carefully unwrap the moss. Be careful with this step as the roots can sometimes stick the plastic. If some do, just carefully take them out.
Cut the Segment
Once you have the moss and new roots exposed, it is time to cut that section of the plant.
You want to cut just below the roots.
By cutting the segment of the stem that has rooted, you’re essentially pruning off that part from the parent plant.
Pot Up the Rooted Segment
Pot up new plant by using sphagnum muss.
Depending on how big the new plant is, you can put it in a plastic container or pot. Just make sure that the pot has a drainage hole at the bottom.