The Dracaena Jade Jewel is also called the Jade Jewel Plant. its scientific name is the Dracaena fragrans Jade Jewel.
It is a beautiful plant with dense leaves that are best known for their white variegation against the dark green color.
The plant also produces white flowers. Although, it rarely blooms when grown indoors.
As with many Dracaena plants, the Jade Jewel Plant is known for its ability to clean the air and absorb toxins from it.
How do you care for the Dracaena Jade Jewel? It does well in bright as well as low light. But avoid direct sunlight which can scorch its leaves.
Medium to bright light is ideal for maintaining its variegation. It also enjoys warm weather and humidity. It is low maintenance, easy to care for and does not require pruning.
Dracaena Jade Jewel Plant Care
Jade Jewel Plant Light Requirements
The ideal lighting for the Dracaena Jade Jewel is morning sun and afternoon shade. Although, if you want to be more specific, it thrives in medium to bright indirect light.
The plant will also do well in fluorescent lights which makes it great for office décor.
That said, as long as you position it in a well-lit location indoors, the plant will grow well.
Good lighting is very important if you want the Dracaena Jade Jewel plant to maintain its white striped markings and green leaves.
As such, try to keep it near an east, north or west facing window.
However, avoid strong, harsh light. This including direct sunlight for more than 3 hours a day.
The plant will tolerate about 1-3 hours daily provided that this is not mid-day sun (10:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.). it cannot withstand the intensity of the sun’s direct rays during this time.
As such, if you want to play it safe, the best locations are near an east and west windows where it never gets touched by the sun’s rays.
You can keep the plant nearer to the north facing window as the light coming from that direction is generally the weakest of the four exposures.
If you want to place the Dracaena Jade Jewel plant facing south, keep it at least 3 feet from the window opening.
It won’t have a problem every 6-10 feet from the south facing window as the light will be sufficient from there.
In case you want to place it near the south facing window, use sheer blinds or curtains to filter the light.
On the other hand, try to avoid low light as well.
If you don’t get much natural light into your home, the Dracaena Jade Jewel plant does well with fluorescent lights or LED grow lights.
Jade Jewel Plant Temperature
The Dracaena Jade Jewel plant enjoys temperatures between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. This is where it will grow best and maintain its best colors.
However, it can tolerate warmer temperatures as well.
In fact, the plant has no problems with 95 degrees Fahrenheit temperature.
This is because is native to tropical Africa. Therefore, it is used to warm weather that consistently stays sunny throughout the year.
This is why the plant prefers temperatures of 55 degrees Fahrenheit and above.
Avoid anything colder since this can cause issues for the plant.
Initially, you’ll see growth slow. But after a while, you’ll see leaves get discolored and start curling. And if the cold persists, you’ll end up with leaf drop and stunted growth.
Avoid anything below 32 degrees as this will cause cold damage to the plant.
As such, it is important to be mindful of hidden cold spots in your home. These include air conditioned rooms, cold draft and vents.
Outdoors, the plant enjoys USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11 because the weather stays fairly consistent all year long.
The sunny and moderate to warm climate will let you keep the plant outdoors all year if you wish.
In colder regions, it is better off as a houseplant.
Avoid leaving it outdoors in the winter. It is not frost hardy.
The Dracaena Jade Jewel will do well at average humidity (40% to 60%). However, its preference is high humidity which is why it will thrive if humidity is pushed up to 60% to 80%.
However, the latter is more difficult to maintain in most homes.
That is unless you live in the tropics or have similar climate conditions.
The same is true if you have a greenhouse or if you live near a large body of water like a lake, ocean or beach.
But in most cases, homes average between 20% and 50% depending on where you live and the time of year.
So, the plant’s ability to do well in average room humidity makes it easy to care for.
That said, be careful about winters since the air gets quite dry during this time. This is likewise the case during very hot, dry summers.
Other sneaky things to watch out for are air conditioners, heaters and radiators.
These appliances will quickly dry up the air in any give room then run it. So, try to keep the plant away from these rooms.
If you notice the Dracaena Jade Jewel’s leaves turn crispy and dry on the edges or tips, it means it needs more humidity.
Therefore, mist the plant or place it on a pebble tray.
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How Often to Water Dracaena Jade Jewel
The Dracaena Jade Jewel plant does not need a lot of water. In generally, it only needs watering once every 7 to 21 days.
I know that this is not helpful, at least not yet.
The reason for this is that the plant does not like wet feet. But how often you water the plant will vary significantly depending on where you live.
If you live in a warm place or in a desert city, you’ll likely need to water the plant every 1 to 2 weeks.
But if you live anywhere cooler, 2 to 3 weeks is more likely.
In addition, the more light the plant gets, the more regular the watering. In low light, you don’t need to water the plant as often.
These factors make when you water the plant vary significantly.
The same is true during summers and winters when the weather will dramatically change.
As such, the best way to tell when to water the plant is to check the soil. This way, you don’t have to remember anything.
Only water the plant when the top 2-3 inches of soil is dry.
This is the safest way to avoid overwatering the plant.
If you water too frequently or add more water when the soil is still wet, it increases the risk of root rot.
As such, stick your finger into the soil to test the level of moisture at 2-3 inches from the surface. The soil needs to be dry before you add water.
If not, wait a few days then test the soil again.
Note that you don’t need to be precise.
I actually like to wait until the top 50% to 75% of the soil has dried before adding more water. This is more conservative.
But anywhere in between the top 2-3 inches and 75% of the soil being dry works well.
The other important thing about watering the Dracaena Jade Jewel plant is that it is sensitive to too much salts and minerals in the water.
As such, if you notice drooping leaves or browning that you cannot explain, check your tap.
Highly mineralized tap water includes high amounts of chlorine, fluoride and other salts. This negatively affects the plant and will damage its leaves.
If this happens, switch to distlled water or filtered water. You can also use rainwater if you get enough rainfall where you live.
Or you can let the tap water sit overnight to let the minerals and salts evaporate first.
Dracaena Jade Jewel Potting Soil
The Dracaena Jade Jewel plant will do okay in regular potting mix. Try to use good quality soil mix if possible.
For me, I prefer going with well-draining soil.
That’s because the plant hates wet feet.
Well-draining soil ensures that the soil does not hold too much moisture which the plant does not like. In doing so, it prevents overwatering, waterlogged soil and root rot.
At the same time, it will hold some, not a lot of, water. This way, the roots stay hydrated as well.
If you use regular potting soil, I highly suggest having some perlite or pumice around just in case.
This way if you notice that the soil is holding on to too much liquid, you can add perlite (or pumice) to increase drainage.
This allows you to experiment with different amounts.
You can add a few handfuls of perlite at a time and observe he plant’s and soil’s response.
Once the soil is draining enough, it means you’ve found the right mix for your home’s living conditions
Alternatively, you can just start out with a well-draining potting mix. To do so, combine:
- 1 part potting soil
- 1 part perlite
Of course, there are many other combinations you can use. But I’ve noticed that this is the easiest and both ingredients are readily available since they’re among the more popular components used for making soil mixes.
Last but not least, make sure to use a pot with drainage holes. Choose one that has sufficient drainage.
This way, all the excess liquid drips out and does not collect at the bottom of the container.
If you keep a saucer under the pot to catch the water, make sure to throw away excess water that collects there as well.
Jade Jewel Plant Fertilizer
For optimal growth, feed the Dracaena Jade Jewel an all-purpose fertilizer designed for indoors plants.
Once a month feeding during the spring and summer is ideal.
Don’t feed the plant outside of its growing season. It will rest during this time to gear up for next spring to grow again.
Dilute the application each time you use it by half strength as well.
Besides regular fertilizer, you can likewise use slow release fertilizer if you wish.
I also do recommend fish emulsion or liquid kelp if you don’t like using syntheitics.
Jade Jewel Plant Pruning
The Dracaena Jade Jewel plant will growth to about 3 to 4 feet all.
It is a strong, sturdy plant that grows upright. It is tough and resilient as well.
Its leaves will spread out from the middle allowing the plant to cover a space of around 3 to 4 feet wide.
Therefore, it does need space indoors.
That said, while the Dracaena Jade Jewel will ultimately end up in the floor, it is not as big as other Dracaena varieties.
For the most part, the plant does not need pruning.
You can trim its leaves if you wish to keep it neat and tidy. I like to get it get bushy. Although, in some cases, it will get very thick.
Similarly, some indoor gardeners will prune off the top to control its size.
How to Propagate Dracaena Jade Jewel
The Dracaena Jade Jewel is easy to propagate. And the most effective way to do so is via stem tip cuttings.
You can likewise propagate the plant through air layering or division.
I do prefer stem cuttings because it is easier. And you get very good results. As well.
However, if you want to reduce the size of the mother plant, division is a better option. This will let you separate the larger Dracaena Jade Jewel into 2 or more smaller plants.
Here’s how to propagate the Dracaena Jade Jewel from stem tip cuttings.
Take a healthy stem tip cutting. Choose one that has several leaves and at least 1-2 nodes on it.
You can propagate the cutting in water or in soil. Most growers prefer water. But I like to plant it directly into soil because it will root faster. Plus, you don’t need to move the cutting later on.
If you choose to propagate the cutting in water,
- Place the cutting into a jar with water. Only submerge part of the stem not the entire stem. But make sure the nodes go into the liquid.
- In several weeks, the cuttings will start developing roots.
- Wait until the roots are at least 1-2 inches long. You can then move the cutting from water and plant it into a pot with well-draining soil.
If you decide to propagate the cutting in soil,
- You can directly plant the cutting into a pot with well-draining soil.
- It takes a few weeks for the cuttings to root in soil.
- Take care of the plant like you would its parent.
In soil propagation, you don’t need to move the cutting from its pot.
The only time you’ll need to is when it outgrows the container. Then repot it.
How to Repot or Transplant Dracaena Jade Jewel
The Dracaena Jade Jewel will happily stay in its pot for about 2 years or so before it starts to get root bound.
This means you only need to repot every 2 or 3 years.
There’s no need to hurry here.
Wait until you see roots circling the pot or coming out from the bottom of the container. Similarly, if any roots pop up from the surface of the soil, this is a sign to repot the plant.
The best time to do so is during spring to early summer.
When repotting, prepare a new container that is one size (2 inches wider) than the current one. That’s all it needs to keep growing.
Avoid overpotting the plant.
Make sure that the new container also has drainage holes at the bottom to let water exit.
Finally, have enough soil mix to replace the spent soil as well.
Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs
The Dracaena Jade Jewel is toxic to people and animals. Every part of the plant is toxic so ingesting it is always a bad idea.
Therefore, try to keep the plant away from young children, cats and dogs to avoid any accidental consumption.
It will cause nausea, vomiting drooling, swelling and many other potential side effects.
Dracaena Jade Jewel Problems & Troubleshooting
The Dracaena Jade Jewel is prone to spider mites, mealybugs, aphids and scale.
These bugs will damage the plant once they turn into an infestation.
Unfortunately, it does not take long for these pests to grow in number. That’s because they multiply very quickly and have very short lifespans.
As such, once you see any of these bugs, immediately treat them.
Also, make sure to isolate the plant since the pests easily travel from one houseplant to another.
Avoid overwatering as this is the cause of many problems for the Dracaena Jade Jewel.
Root rot is among the most serious.
And it occurs from excess watering, waterlogged soil or pots with insufficient drainage.
Thus, avoid watering too often.
Similarly, bacterial and fungal diseases can happen when there’s excess moisture.
Therefore, be careful about leaving the soil or leaves wet for extended periods of time. This does not only apply to watering but also when you mist the plant.