Best Plants (Vegetables, Herbs & Fruits) for Hydroponic Systems

What are the best plants for hydroponics? Below I’ll show you the best vegetables, herbs and fruits you can grow using hydroponics.

This way you can choose which one to plant and not end up realizing mid way that what you are planting cannot be successfully grown using hydroponics.

 

What Plants Can You Grow in a Hydroponic System?

In general, just about anything you can grow in your garden can be grown in a hydroponic system. But, it isn’t always feasible to do so.

That’s because of the space requirements, especially for home growers. Additionally, the costs of hydroponics (see the section below), means that you’ll want to get something out of it. Often, that’s in the form of eating what you grow or selling it.

Large commercial systems can grow all sorts of crops hydroponically because they profit from them. That’s not always the case for home growers.

As such, plants that grow well in hydroponics are often those that:

  • Grow quickly and can be harvested sooner rather than later
  • Easy to grow
  • Low maintenance or care
  • Something you can sell or want to eat
  • Don’t need a lot of space

 

Best Plants to Grow Hydroponically

Here are some plants that do well with hydroponics.

 

Flowers

Flowers can easily be grown with hydroponics. But, you’re less likely to see people grow them compared to crops like veggies and herbs because they’re less economical. The only exception is if you sell the flowers. Even then choosing the right kinds is key to profit.

 

Herbs

Herbs are very popular with hydroponic gardeners. Their size makes them perfect for hydroponics. Plus, they grow faster as well with this method. Interestingly enough, herbs grown this way have more aroma and flavor compared to those grown in soil.

  • Basil
  • Chives
  • Cilantro
  • Dill
  • Fennel
  • Green onion
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Spearmint
  • Tarragon
  • Thyme
  • Watercress

 

Microgreens

Microgreens are popular for hydroponics. One reason is their short time to harvest. Many are ready to harvest as early as 10-14 days.

As such, the quick turnaround time allows you to produce (and sell or consume) more of them. Microgreens generally enjoy pH levels of 5.5-6.0.

And, they’re fairly reasonable with water and temperature preferences of between 60-75 degrees.

 

Related

 

Vegetables

Many vegetables grow well in hydroponics. The faster they grow and the shorter the time to harvest, the better. Also, when it comes to veggies, you ideally want to grow those that you enjoy eating.

  • Artichokes
  • Arugula
  • Asian Greens
  • Asparagus
  • Beans
  • Beets
  • Broccoli
  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Cucumber
  • Eggplant
  • Kale
  • Lettuce
  • Leafy Vegetables
  • Peas
  • Peppers
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Tomatoes

 

Which Plants Are Not Suited for Hydroponics?

While you can technically grow most plants hydroponically, it’s not practical to try some or you’d be better served growing them in soil.

  • Large root vegetables or those that grow under the soil. While you can do so, you’re better off growing carrots, onions and turnips traditionally. Similarly, potatoes, yams and sweet potatoes are not the best plants to grow hydroponically.
  • Plants that get really big or take up a lot of space. Trees, shrubs and other large plants. Corn, zucchini, squash, melons and vines are also no-no’s. They take up too much space to be economical.