The Anthurium Villenaorum is a large, leaved epiphytic houseplant that’s relatively new. Its gorgeous green leaves also feature very visible light green-whitish veins.
The plant is native to the Department of San Martin in Peru. And it is found in lower elevations. It is likewise closely related to the Anthurium pulcachense, which is another lovely species that comes from Peru.
That said, the Anthurium pulcachense is terrestrial while the Anthurium Villenaorum is an epiphyte.
That said, the plant looks somewhat similar to the Anthurium Regale. Although, if you place them side by side, you can easily tell the difference.
Anthurium Villenaorum Plant Care
The Anthurium Villenaorum thrives under medium to bright, indirect light. Although, it seems to prefer a bit less light than other anthurium species, especially during its juvenile state.
Since it grows as an epiphyte in the tropical regions of Peru, the plant gets a good amount of shade from the forest canopy. This protects it from exposure to strong, intense sun.
Therefore, the Anthurium Villenaorum is not well-suited for very harsh light including direct sunlight especially between noon and mid-afternoon.
However, it can tolerate the gentler morning sun coming from the east.
If the plant gets too much intense light exposure, its beautiful green leaves will get bleached.
As such, avoid a south facing window between 10:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. unless you distance it from the window’s opening or filter the light with sheer curtains or something similar.
Outdoors, full sun is likewise not a good idea. Instead, it will be happiest under partial shade or semi-shaded areas.
The Anthurium Villenaorum likes warm weather. Again, this comes from its tropical upbringing as it is native to the lower elevations in certain parts of Peru.
This means the plant is accustomed to consistent sunshine all year round with no snow or freezing temperatures.
As such, in the outdoors, it prefers living in USDA Hardiness Zones 10 and 11 which are as close as you get to its natural habitat (at least in the United States).
Indoors, if prefers temperatures of 65 to 80 degrees. It will likewise have no issues with temperatures that are 10 degrees above and below this ideal range.
However, the farther out you from that, the slower its growth gets. After a while, it will begin the experience stress.
Because the plant does not get cold weather in its native habitat, it cannot withstand conditions that are below 50 degrees.
This means it is important to take the plant back inside around fall if where you live receives snowfall in winter. Indoors, keep it away from air conditioned rooms and open windows where cold breezes and drafts can give it sudden chills.
Also, keep an eye on nighttime temperatures that can suddenly drop 10 or more degrees. This tends to happen in some areas more than others.
In addition to light, the other thing to pay attention to when initially caring for you Anthurium Villenaorum is moisture.
This includes both humidity and watering, both of which I’ll discuss in this and the next sections.
The Anthurium Villenaorum likes high humidity. Ideally, it prefers humidity to be at least 65% to about 75%. Although it can tolerate levels as low as 50%.
Note while the plant does enjoys humid conditions, the higher it goes, the more uncomfortable it gets for us humans. That’s because humidity tends to exaggerate temperature.
What I mean is, high humidity makes a hot day even hotter. This is why summers in certain parts of the country can get scorching hot.
Similarly, this is why regions like Southeast Asia and South America are sweaty hot most of the year. They tend to average between 60 to 75% humidity all year round. As such, this compounds the warm weather.
On the other hand, high humidity will also make the cold feel colder. Although, this is less of a problem since humidity often drops during the winter.
That said, you do want to pay special attention to the plant to make sure that it does not have issues when this happens.
Because the Anthurium Villenaorum likes humid environments, it is well suited for greenhouses, grow rooms, tents and terrariums (if you happen to have one).
If not, a lot will depend on where you live. As long as humidity stays above 50% the plant will do fine.
However, I do suggest in picking up a digital hygrometer to make it easy to monitor humidity levels in your home. This will let you take action if needed. And it will allow you know whether those actions have pushed humidity up enough to keep the plant happy.
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How Often to Water Anthurium Villenaorum
The Anthurium Villenaorum has average watering needs. This means that it enjoys moist soil especially during the warmer months of the year.
However, it is important to be mindful not to overwater the plant. Giving it too much water will drown the roots, increasing its risk for root rot.
The Anthurium Villenaorum is an epiphyte. Therefore, in its native habitat, its roots are not buried in soil. Instead, they attach themselves to larger plants and trees.
This means they get a lot of air (oxygen) but also get enough water (from the rain and dew). Therefore, balance is very important.
When you water too often or water too much in at once, the roots will be deprived of oxygen causing them to suffocate if they stay underwater too long. This results in root rot.
Therefore, always allow part of the soil to dry before adding more water.
During the warmer months, wait until at least the top 2 inches of soil get dry before you water again. In the winter, allow the soil to almost completely dry between waterings.
In general, the plant has issues with both extremes. Although it will experience more problems with overwatering than underwatering. Still, avoid letting the soil go bone dry for extended periods of time.
When either happens, you’ll see the plant’s leaves change or become abnormal.
This can be:
- Yellow or brown leaves
- Curling leaves
- Wilting or droopy plant
- Loss of its green foliage color
Anthurium Villenaorum Potting Soil
Since watering can lead to serious issues, using the right kind of potting mix is essential when caring for your Anthurium Villenaorum.
Again, this stems from the plant’s sensitivity to overwatering.
As such, the best soil for Anthurium Villenaorum is well-draining and breathable. This means you’re looking for something lightweight, airy or chunky.
This way, the roots get the moisture they need while the excess water drains quickly. As such, the roots get their balance of oxygen and water.
If you prefer something you can get from stores, pick up an aroid mix. This is perfect for the plant as it fulfills all its requirements.
You can likewise make your own DIY potting mix at home which is what I do. This comes out to be cheaper. And it lets you adjust as needed.
A combination of:
- 2 parts orchid mix
- 1 part peat
- 1 part perlite
Works really well.
Also, make sure to use a pot with drainage holes so that the excess liquid can drip out.
The Anthurium Villenaorum needs fertilizer but it is a light feeder. Therefore, the goal is to make sure it gets the nutrients it needs without overwhelming the plant.
Overfeeding it a sure way not only to damage the roots from fertilizer burn but will also eventually affect the leaves and cause discoloration.
Therefore, make sure to follow the instructions in the label. Avoid, using too much or applying too frequently.
You can use a mild fertilizer or dilute your regular houseplant plant food to 50% strength. If you can find it, you can also use a fertilizer that’s specifically made for anthuriums.
The plant only needs to be fed once a month during the growing season. You don’t have to feed it during the fall and winter. Or, if you want only do so once very 3 months during this time.
The Anthurium Villenaorum can grow to between 1.5 to 6 feet depending on its living conditions. The amount of sun, humidity, temperature, fertilizer, potting soil and pot size are just a few factors that affect how big it will get.
In addition to getting to a good size, much of its healthy and width consists of its leaves. These are beautiful to look at and can reach over 2 feet in length.
As such, while the Anthurium Villenaorum starts out as a very small plant (you can get it in a 4 inch or smaller pot from the store), it will eventually grow into a good sized (height and spread) houseplant.
But since much of its size comes from its leaves, pruning is only needed if you feed it has gotten too bushy or wide.
Similarly, trimming is a good way to limit it size.
How to Propagate Anthurium Villenaorum
The Anthurium Villenaorum can be propagated in a few ways. Which one you choose will depend on what you prefer doing.
The two simplest (and fastest) ways to propagate the plant is via stem cutting or take a section of the plant with some roots on it.
With the former, you’ll need to give the stem cuttings time to root. The latter method requires a bit more work initially since you need to take a section of the plant with roots, stems and leaves on it.
However, because the roots are already there, it will grow faster as a new plant.
Both propagation methods work really well. So, it all depends on which one you prefer doing.
In most cases, stem cutting in the way to go since it is simpler and it does not require unpotting the plant. Similarly, you don’t reduce the size of your Anthurium Villenaorum.
Finally, you can propagate the stem cutting in water, sphagnum moss or soil.
Here’s how to propagate the Anthurium Villenaorum from stem cuttings.
- Take a healthy stem that’s at least 4 to 6 inches long and with at least one leaf on it.
- Make sure to sterilize your cutting tool before taking the stem off. You can use rubbing alcohol and cotton.
- Then fill a container with fresh, well-draining potting mix.
- Make a hole in the soil and insert the cut end of the stem cutting into it. Bury the stem at least 1 to 1.5 inches deep. If needed, use something to support the leaf to keep it upright.
- Water the soil until moist. Do this regularly. But avoid overwatering such that the soil gets soggy.
- Leave the pot in a warm, humid location that is well-lit (but with no direct sunlight).
- In a few weeks (4-6 weeks more or less), the cutting will have developed some roots, enough to take hold of the soil.
If you prefer to propagate the stem cutting in water, place the cutting in a glass container instead of a pot with soil mix.
- Then, leave it under the same environmental conditions.
- In about 3 to 5 weeks, the cutting will root in water.
- The biggest advantage of rooting in water is that you can monitor the roots as they grow. As such, you can tell early on if something is not going right. This allows you to fix it or start over soon after.
- If the cutting is buried in soil, it will take longer before you realize that an issue has happened.
- On the downside, with water propagation, you’ll still need to transfer the cutting from water to soil later in the future. You don’t need to bother with this stem if you plant it directly into soil.
How to Repot or Transplant Anthurium Villenaorum
The Anthurium Villenaorum only needs repotting every 1-2 years. Although, I don’t recommend counting the number of months before you need to repot.
Instead, work with what the plant gives you.
Depending on the environment you give it, the plant can grow faster or slower compared to others. But this is irrelevant. What’s important is that the plant is healthy and happy. Over time, it will grow bigger and produce large foliage.
As such, check on the plant to make sure it is healthy.
And in doing so, you’ll know when to repot. The main sign for this is when its roots start coming out from the bottom holes of the pot. if you lift the root ball, you’ll also see the roots circling around and wrapping themselves around the soil.
Over time, the roots will also pop out to the surface and start covering the top soil. This is a later sign.
When you see any of these, the plant is telling you it wants more space.
- If you want it to keep growing, then repot it to larger container.
- If you want to reduce its size, you can divide it. This will give you 2 or more smaller plants.
Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs
Yes, the Anthurium Villenaorum is toxic to cats, dogs and even humans. But only upon ingestion.
As such, it is safe to touch the plant with no risk at all. However, its sap can cause skin irritation to a few people. Therefore, if you have sensitive skin, it is a good idea to wear gloves then pruning the plant.
Because the plant is poisonous, avoid letting your pets and small children play around it as they may accidentally chew or consumer parts of the plant.
Problems & Troubleshooting
The Anthurium Villenaorum can attract sap sucking insects. The most common of which are mealybugs, thrips and mites. These usually start out in small numbers. But because they are tiny in size, you don’t notice them unless you regular inspect your plant.
As such, they’re often only discovered when they’ve grown in number.
Unfortunately, by this time, it is more difficult to get rid of them. Larger pest infestations also cause more damage as they suck on sap, which contains water and nutrients.
As such, as they feed on the plant’s juices, your Anthurium Villenaorum’s health will decline.
This is why you’ll see yellow or brown patches in leaves where the pests have been.
To get rid of these pests, you can use neem oil, horticultural oil or insecticidal soap. Make sure to read the instructions for each. And if you use the concentrated version, dilute it enough since too much concentration will damage the leaves of your plant as well.
Watering issues is usually the main cause of infections and diseases in plants. Of all these, root rot is the most serious. And it can ultimately destroy your plant if not discovered early enough.
Therefore, avoid overwatering or waterlogged soil.
Similarly, too much moisture also causes bacterial and fungal diseases. These can occur in the roots, stems and leaves.