How to Care for Anthurium Pendulifolium – Light, Water & Propagation

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is an epiphytic aroid with large long leaves. These can grow to 4 or 5 feet when kept outdoors.

And because the leaves slink downwards, you’ll usually see the plant hung from baskets or positioned in high platforms.

How do you care for the Anthurium Pendulifolium? This plant can tolerate low, medium or bright light without problems. But if you want it to get big, bright indirect light is ideal.

High humidity and consistently warm temperature are likewise important for growth. Avoid overwatering and waterlogged soil as it is prone to root rot.

Anthurium Pendulifolium Plant Care

Light Requirements

The Anthurium Pendulifolium can tolerate different lighting conditions. It will do okay in low light. But grow optimally in medium or bright, indirect light.

So, if you want to allow this exotic plant to reach it large leaf potential, then providing it with plenty of indirect, filtered or dappled light is idea.

Low light also works well though.

But it is worth noting that the plant won’t  grow as fast as it does in well-lit environments.

More importantly, with low light, you want to be careful wit too little light. There’s that threshold when the plant’s growth will slow down considerably.

Additionally, it can become leggy if there’s insufficient light.

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is native to the tropical rainforest. There, it lives under the canopy of the larger trees. Therefore, it gets a good amount of shade in addition to some sun.

This is why it prefers indirect lighting indoors and can tolerate low light.

However, shaded exposure in the jungle also means that it cannot withstand long hours of direct sunlight, especially that of harsh or intense sun.

It actually appreciates the morning sun and will bathe in its direct light.

But once 10:30 a.m. comes around and the heat intensifies, you don’t want the sun’s rays hitting the plant’s leaves.

From 10:30 a.m. to 3:30 a.m., the sun tends to be the hottest.

And more than 2 or 3 hours of direct sunlight exposure during this time not only can turn the Anthurium Pendulifolium’s leaves yellow but can likewise burn them in some cases.

So, if you keep the plant indoors, the ideal spot has medium to bright indirect light.

Outdoors, the best location for this plant is partial or slight shade. You want to avoid full sun.

 

Temperature

The Anthurium Pendulifolium prefers temperature to stay between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. The higher part of that rang is during daytime, while the lower part is nighttime.

In most cases, nighttime temperature will drop from daytime temperature by 5 to 15 degrees.

But in some places, it can be more significant.

Since the Anthurium Pendulifolium does not like sudden or large fluctuations, it is a good idea to avoid the large swings.

Since the Anthurium Pendulifolium comes from the tropical rainforests of South America, it is used to warm to hot weather all year round.

This is fairly consistent with small changes between summer and late in the year.

For this reason, the plant does is used to consistent temperatures. Just as importantly, there is no snow in these areas.

This is why it has low tolerance to the cold. It is also not cold hardy.

This means that it is best to keep it away from temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Additionally, never leave the plant outdoors during winter. It will not survive through spring.

Instead, move it indoors and keep it in a warm spot.

However, there’s an exception to this.

If you live in USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11, then you can keep the plant outdoors 365 days a year. These are warm climate locations that don’t get winters.

 

Humidity

Ideal humidity for the Anthurium Pendulifolium is between 60% and 80%. Unfortunately, these levels are challenging to maintain unless you live in the tropics, near a large body of water or have a greenhouse.

The good news is that the Anthurium Pendulifolium can tolerate humidity of 40% (and slightly less than that if well-hydrated).

This makes it somewhat easier to care for the plant depending on where you live.

Because of its high humidity needs, the plant will enjoy living in the bathroom or kitchen.

Of course, you may or may not want to keep it there.

So, in case you want to display its exotic glory for everyone to see in your home, it is a good idea to know what the humidity it at all times.

This is why I like to keep a hygrometer near my plants.

It lets you instantly know what the humidity is at any time. And you can move it from room to room in your home.

You want to avoid low humidity because it will turn the Anthurium Pendulifolium’s leaf tips and edges brown. These will get dry and crispy.

So, to avoid this, you can mist the plant regularly. I prefer to get a pebble tray. But you can likewise use a humidity tray which may be simpler to construct.

If you don’t want to have to do things yourself, you can also get a humidifier.

 

Related

 

How Often to Water Anthurium Pendulifolium

Unlike many other anthurium varieties, the Anthurium Pendulifolium prefers a drier environment. So, you don’t want to leave it in wet soil.

Instead, it will do better if you let the soil partially dry between waterings.

That said, don’t let the soil go completely dry either. That’s not something that the plant enjoys. And allowing it to happen regularly can eventually damage the plant.

Instead, try to keep the plant hydrated without overwatering.

The easiest way to do this is to check the soil every 3-4 days or once a week.

In doing so, you’ll be able to tell when to water the plant. Ideally wait until the top few inches dry out.

Note that this does not need to be precise. But at the minimum wait until the top 2 inches are dry. And you can test this by sticking your finger into the soil down to that depth.

However, you can likewise wait until the soil is dry halfway down as well.

Watering at any time between these two levels will keep the plant healthy and happy.

The biggest advantage of using this method to know when to water the plant is you don’t rely on a fixed schedule.

Instead, it will automatically adjust your watering frequency based on how fast or slow the soil dries. And this will depend on how much light there is, the heat and humidity.

So, in summer, you’ll find yourself watering more often since the soil dries faster. During winter, the opposite is true since it is colder and there’s less sunshine.

The reason waiting for the soil to dry is very important is because you want to avoid overwatering the plant.

 

Anthurium Pendulifolium Potting Soil

The ideal potting mix for the Anthurium Pendulifolium is light, well-draining and has good aeration. This is important because the plant does not like to stay wet.

As such, good drainage and aeriation will allow the excess moisture to quickly drain. Additionally, the roots are able to get the oxygen they want as well.

However, note that you don’t want to use soil that drains too much or quickly either.

This will cause the plant to get underwatered at some point or even dehydrated unless you water it regularly.

Instead, the Anthurium Pendulifolium’s soil should retain some moisture but drain the excess quickly. This keeps the roots hydrated while ensuring they are not overwatering or waterlogged.

One effective way to do this is to combine:

  • 1 part potting soil
  • 1 part perlite

This is a simple and minimalist soil mix that will work.

However, if you don’t mind using a few more ingredients, you can go with:

  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part perlite
  • 1 part pine bark

The peat will hold some moisture to keep the roots hydrated, the perlite and bark increase drainage. And the bark also increases aeriation since it is chunky.

Don’t forget the preventing overwatering is not based on just one thing. Instead, it is a combination of 3 components.

  • Waiting for the soil to slightly dry between waterings
  • Using well-draining potting mix
  • Using a pot with drainage holes

The last one is just as important. Your pot needs to have a way for the water to exit. Without it, it will just accumulate at the bottom which keeps the soil wet.

 

Fertilizer

The Anthurium Pendulifolium also appreciate fertilizer. And it will grow faster and produce larger leaves with proper feeding.

However, keep it mind that the plant is not a heavy feeder.

So, don’t fertilize it more than needed. Additionally, it does not need to fed all year round.

Instead, the plant only needs fertilizer during spring and summer. These are its growing seasons. And during the warmer months, it will produce most of its growth.

On the other hand, once the cold weather comes around fall and winter, growth will slow down significantly.

As such, the Anthurium Pendulifolium won’t need feeding then.

You can use a balanced or all-purpose fertilizer. It is not picky about what kind. As long as it gets the nutrients it needs, it will be healthy and happily grow.

Apply once a month diluting the fertilizer to 50% its recommended strength.

If you don’t want to regularly apply plant food, you can opt for slow-release fertilizer instead. This will cut down application to 2 or 3 times a year.

 

Pruning

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is a stunning plant that will produce very long, green foliage. Outdoors, its leaves can reach between 4 to 5 feet long.

This is why it is always perched or hung from a higher location.

This allows the leaves to show off their full glory.

Indoors, its size is a bit more limited. Although, its leaves can still reach lengths of about 2 to 3 feet.

Because the plant is mostly composed of its long, large leaves, you don’t really want or need to prune it. The only time pruning is necessary is if there are dead leaves, discoloration or damage to them.

 

How to Propagate Anthurium Pendulifolium

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is one of those collector plants you want to get if you’re into gardening. That’s because of its unique looks.

The good news is that the plant can easily be propagated at home for free.

The two most common ways to do this is by stem cuttings and division. Both are very different. So, it is a good idea to decide which method to use based on the situation you have.

The best time to propagate the plant is during spring.

 

Propagating Anthurium Pendulifolium from Stem Cuttings

Stem cuttings are usually my first choice when it comes to propagation. Unfortunately, not all plants can be propagated using this method.

The good news is that the Anthurium Pendulifolium responds well to stem cuttings.

And you can propagate in water or propagate in soil.

Here’s how to do it:

  • The most important thing is to take a healthy stem cutting. Make sure that each cutting has at least one node and a few leaves on it. Ideally the cutting should be at least 6 inches long.
  • Cut the stem just under the stem. Make sure to sterilize the blade of your shears before cutting.
  • Once you have the cutting, prepare a pot and fill it will well-draining soil. Select a container that will hold the cutting and not just tip over if you happened to take a cutting with a larger leaf on it.
  • Plant the cutting into soil with the node buried under.
  • Water the soil. You’ll want to water when the soil dries but avoid overwatering.
  • Keep the pot in a warm location with bright indirect light.

It will take about 4 weeks for the cuttings to root.

When this happens, you can test it by lighting pulling on the cutting. It should resist your pull which tells you that the roots are grabbing hold of the soil.

As mentioned, you can propagate in water as well.

This takes an extra step but it allows you to monitor the roots as they develop.

Here, place the cuttings in a glass container filled with water. Keep the nodes submerged in the liquid. And in about 3 or so weeks there should be a good amount of roots.

Once the roots have reached 2 inches or longer, you can transfer the cuttings from water into a pot with soil mix.

 

Propagating Anthurium Pendulifolium by Division

Division is completely different from stem cuttings.

Here, you’ll be separating the root ball into 2 or more smaller segments. In doing so, you’re able to get multiple smaller plants from the larger mother plant.

Division works well if the plant has become very big and you want to reduce its size.

Also, it is a good propagation method if you’re impatient. That’s because you don’t need to wait for new roots to develop. Instead, you already have a semi-grown plant with roots, stems and leaves.

Here’s how to propagate Anthurium Pendulifolium by division.

  • Carefully take the Anthurium Pendulifolium out of its pot.
  • Once the root ball is out, remove excess soil and dirt so you can clearly see the roots and how they connect to the stems.
  • Now, you can decide if you want to divide the plant into 2 or 3 segments. Ideally, each segment should have enough roots to support the leaves above it. You also don’t want to get a segment with no leaves.
  • Split the root ball based on the divisions you’ve decided on. You can use your hands or a sterile knife.
  • Plant each of these divisions into their own pots with well-draining potting mix.
  • Water the soil and keep them moist.

Here, there’s no waiting after propagation.

Since all the new plants have roots and leaves, they will just keep growing from there.

In a short time, you’ll see it develop new shoots and leaves.

 

How to Repot or Transplant Anthurium Pendulifolium

The Anthurium Pendulifolium grows at a slow to medium rate. And its roots take a bit of time to fill a pot. Therefore, repotting is only needed every 2-3 years.

More importantly, you only need to repot when it gets root bound.

Therefore, don’t repot the plant if there is no reason to.

Additionally, it is good practice to refresh the soil annually. This will make sure that it contains nutrients. As the same time, it has good drainage, hasn’t grown dense or compacted.

To repot the plant,

  • Carefully take the plant out of its container. Then remove excess dirt and soil. Untangle any roots that have curled up together.
  • Prepare the new pot. Ideally, it should be one size larger.
  • Fill the new pot with fresh, well-draining potting mix until about a third or so of the way.
  • Place the new root ball into the new pot and fill the remaining space with potting mix.
  • Water the soil.

 

Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is toxic to humans and animals. This makes it poisonous to people, cats and dogs if ingested.

Note that you can touch the plant or handle it without any harmful effects.

That’s because the insoluble calcium oxalates only get released when parts of the plant are ingested.

As such, try to keep the plant away from young kids, cats and dogs who may accidentally, chew or consume parts of the plant.

 

Anthurium Pendulifolium Problems & Troubleshooting

Pests

The Anthurium Pendulifolium is not prone to pests. But that’s not to say that it won’t ever experience them.

Sadly, one reality of caring for houseplants is that you’ll have to deal with pests sooner or later.

However, with proper care and regularly cleaning, you can reduce the chances of bugs attacking this plant.

Spider mites, aphids and mealybugs are common problems

So, you do need to regularly check the plant for the presence of these insects.

If you see any, immediately isolate the plant and start treatment. You can use neem oil or insecticidal soap to get rid of pests.

 

Diseases

Overwatering can cause many different problems for your plant.

One common (and deadly) result is root rot. The Anthurium Pendulifolium is prone to this so you want to be careful.

That’s because it does not like wet environment. So, it becomes more susceptible to wetness.

Additionally, bacterial and fungal diseases can also happen from too much water.

Therefore, always be mindful of when you water and how you water.

Allow the soil to dry between waterings. And don’t wet the leaves from above when you’re watering the plant. Instead, pour directly onto the soil.

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