Anthurium Pendens Care Guide – Light, Watering, Soil & Propagation

The Anthurium Pendens is a unique looking plant with very long, narrow leaves. These leaves can reach 2.5 to 3 feet so you’ll see them drape down the sides of the pots.

The plant is an epiphyte that is common to the tropical regions of South America.

And it resembles the Anthurium Wendlingeri since both feature similar-looking very long, thin leaves. However, you can tell the difference by the texture of their leaves and  their flowers.

The Anthurium Wendlingeri has a very unusual spiral spadix that looks like a white corkscrew.

How do your care for the Anthurium Pendens? Make sure to use well-draining soil. Don’t overwater it. Instead, wait for part of the soil to dry between waterings.

The plant enjoys warm weather and plenty of light. But keep it away from too much direct sunlight. For optimal growth, maintain high humidity as well.

Anthurium Pendens Plant Care

Light Requirements

The Anthurium Pendens needs plenty of light for its large leaves to reach their potential. Additionally, the light allows the plant to maintain its beautiful foliage color.

For optimal growth, keep the plant in bright, indirect light.

It will also do well in medium light.

And while it can tolerate low light, it will experience slower growth. This can likewise affect its leaf development and size, depending on how little the light is.

Similarly, try to avoid very strong or intense light since the plant is not used to this.

The Anthurium Pendens is epiphytic.

This means the plant clings onto trees and climbs up them in the forest in hopes to get more light.

Just as importantly, they live under the shade of the forest canopy.

For this reason, it is not exposed to the direct rays of the sun. As a result, it cannot tolerate long periods of this otherwise its leaves will turn yellow or even get sunburned.

Note that the plant will survive in this condition.

But its leaves will initially turn yellow then brown which will make the plant look ugly.

 

Temperature

The Anthurium Pendens enjoys temperatures between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. This is where it thrives as it is used to the warm, humid conditions of tropical South America.

Just as importantly, it likes consistently warm weather as its native habitat only has one prevailing climate which is warm to hot.

Although, the intensity does change a bit, as it gets scorching hot during the summer and mildly hot in the winter.

Since there is no snow, frost or freezing temperature there, the Anthurium Pendens is not used to the cold. And it cannot tolerate temperatures below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Because of these temperature preferences, the Anthurium Pendens easily fits indoors in homes and offices.

Outdoors, it is well-suited to USDA Hardiness Zones 10 through 12.

 

Humidity

The Anthurium Pendens prefers high humidity. It grows best when humidity is maintained between 60% to 75%.

However, note that the plant can tolerate humidity of 40%.

As such, if where you live does not have high humidity, try to target 40%. This will be enough to keep the plant healthy and happy.

Lack of humidity will cause its leaf tips and edges to turn brown and crispy.

Therefore, this is a sign you should watch out for telling you that the plant needs more humidity.

In some cases, you may notice that your Anthurium Pendens will develop aerial roots. These are not meant to be buried.

Instead, they are there for the plant to get more moisture from the air.

So, you can mist these aerial roots to help the plant get more humidity.

That said, many plant owners don’t like the look of aerial roots. And if you don’t like them, you can prune them off. This won’t harm the plant.

 

Related

 

How Often to Water Anthurium Pendens

Water is an important aspect of Anthurium Pendens care. And it is likewise the most challenging factor to consider.

Since the plant is epiphytic its roots are used to a lot of oxygen. As such, they don’t like sitting in water especially for long periods of time.

Therefore, avoid overwatering the plant.

Watering too much or too frequently will eventually cause the leaves to drown in too much water. If this persists, they will eventually suffocate because the water prevents the roots from getting oxygen.

This is why the best way to water the plant is to allow the soil to dry between waterings.

Ideally, wait until the top few inches of soil has dried before you add more water.

This will give you the leeway needed to avoid overwatering.

In contrast, if you add water while the soil is still moist, you’ll eventually keep adding more and more water until the roots end up swimming in liquid.

This will yield to root rot.

 

Anthurium Pendens Potting Soil

Again, the Anthurium Pendens’ epiphytic nature means that its roots need loose, airy soil that has good drainage.

This makes an aroid mix ideal.

And you can get one from your nursery or online plant shop.

Of course, you can make your own potting mix as well. An easy recipe that works really well consists of:

  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part perlite
  • 1 part pine bark

Avoid using regular potting soil on its own with added drainage or chunk. This will be too heavy as it retains too much moisture.

The most important thing to keep in mind with potting soil for your Anthurium Pendens is that it needs to be well-draining and allow enough air circulation to the roots.

Again, this is because the plant is an epiphyte.

Doing so prevents waterlogging which can lead to overwatering.

That’s because if you use heavy soil or one that holds a lot of water, it will negate your proper watering efforts.

That’s because it will just keep all the water in the soil which leaves the roots in too much moisture.

In contrast, well-draining soil will get rid of excess water quickly allowing the roots to get the oxygen they want.

Finally, make sure to use a pot with drainage holes.

The holes will allow any water that drains from the soil to drip out instead of just building up at the bottom of the pot.

 

Fertilizer

Feeding the Anthurium Pendens is straightforward. That’s because it needs to nutrients. But it does not need anything extra.

Therefore, don’t try to overthink it or overdo things.

As long as you follow the instructions on the product label, the plant will get the nutrients it needs to stay healthy.

When it comes to fertilizer, you have many options.

And which one you choose will depend on what you want to achieve.

In general, a balanced, liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength works really well. Once a month application during the spring and summer is all the plant needs.

However, if you want to encourage it to flower more, you can opt for a high phosphorus fertilizer.

Instead of going with a balanced blend, look for one with a high middle number in the N-P-K figure. This is the phosphorus content.

Phosphorous promotes flowering. So, this kind of fertilizer will allow the plant to produce more blooms.

Again, this is really up to you on whether you prefer more foliage or more flowers.

 

Pruning

The Anthurium Pendens is another variety with long, narrow leaves.

These leaves are very impressive once they get longer.

And because of this, the plant is usually placed in a hanging basket or atop a high stand to allow the leaves to drape down.

The leaves can reach about 3 feet long or more. And they get to about 3-5 inches wide.

It is generally a slow to moderate grower.

Since the plant is mainly composed of leaves hanging down like skinny ties on a tie rack, there’s really little pruning to be done.

That said, you will need to prune any yellow, brown or dying leaves. If there are leaves that get infections, immediately trim them off since the infection can spread.

 

How to Propagate Anthurium Pendens

The Anthurium Pendens can be propagated from cuttings. Here’ you can go with stem cuttings or root stem cuttings depending on how patient you are.

To explain, stem cuttings involve taking a stem, stem tip or part of the stem. Then, propagating it in soil or water.

Because all you have is a stem, you’ll need to let it root before it can produce shoots and leaves.

Doing this takes a bit more time because of the rooting process. But you only take stems from the plant. This allows you to take more stems to grow more new plants.

On the other hand, root stem cuttings is similar.

However, in addition to just taking the stem, you’ll take a small part of the root with it.

Therefore, you can take one or more stems with that cutting. But you’ll also take some of the roots. This means that you’ll just usually take one or two root stem cuttings.

Otherwise, you’ll end up reducing the size of the mother plant.

The biggest advantage of root stem cuttings is that you already have the roots, some stems and leaves. So, you can just plant them in potting mix and it will develop new shoots and leaves very soon.

Additionally, you don’t need to worry about choosing a stem with a node since there are roots already present.

There’s also less chance of propagation failure since the roots are already present to support the plant.

Thus, which method you choose is really up to what your goals are.

 

Propagating Anthurium Pendens from Stem Cuttings

To propagate the Anthurium Pendens from stem cuttings.

  • Take healthy stem cuttings with at least one node and a few leaves on it.
  • Cut just below the node to ensure that each cutting has at least one node. Without a node, the cutting won’t propagate.

You can propagate the cutting in water or in soil.

To propagate the Anthurium Pendens in water,

  • Place the cutting in a glass container filled with water. Submerge the nodes and part of the stem but not all of it. Remove lower leaves that get wet.
  • Keep the container in bright, indirect light in a warm spot with good humidity.
  • You’ll also need to change the water so it does not get cloudy or murky.
  • Once the roots reach about 2 or more inches you can move the cuttings from water to a pot with soil mix. It takes about 3 or so weeks for roots to grow.

To propagate the Anthurium Pendens in soil,

  • Prepare a pot and fill it with well-draining potting mix.
  • If you have rooting hormone, apply it on the cut end of the stem.
  • Then plant the stem cuttings into the soil with the node buried under.
  • Water the soil and keep it moist. Also, keep the pot in bright indirect light.
  • In about a month, the roots will develop and start establishing the cutting into the soil.

 

Propagating Anthurium Pendens from Root Stem Cuttings

Propagating Anthurium Pendens from root cuttings is similar to the steps above but with a few differences.

  • Take a healthy root stem cutting. Here, choose a stem or stems with a few leaves. Then trace the stems to the soil.
  • You’ll nee a knife and maybe a trowel but you can use you hands to dig.
  • Dig out the part of the roots where the stems you’ve chosen lead to. The goal is to take the roots attached to the stems. Use a sterile knife to cut the roots from the rest of the root system.
  • This will leave you with a stem cutting that has roots with it.
  • Since the root stem cutting already has roots, just plant the entire thing into a pot with fresh, well-draining potting mix.
  • Water the soil and keep it moist and leave the plant in a warm spot with bright indirect light.

The root stem cutting should be ready to grow and will soon do so once it gets adjusted to its new home.

Since the plant has roots, stems and leaves there’s no need to wait except take care of it like you would the mother plant.

And it will develop new shoots and grow new leaves soon after.

 

How to Repot or Transplant Anthurium Pendens

The Anthurium Pendens is a slow to moderate grower. Additionally, it does most of its growing during the warmer months.

And it grows only very little in fall and winter due to the cold weather.

As such, there’s no hurry to repot this plant.

In most cases, it takes 1-2 years before you need to repot. Also, don’t repot the plant unless needed. You’ll just be disrupting its growth by doing so.

However, since the plant is epiphytic, it is a good idea to refresh the soil annually.

This will allow you to take out the spend soil and put in fresh, well-draining soil. The new soil will be more airy allowing better oxygen circulation to the roots.

Fresh soil also contains nutrients which have been depleted in the old soil.

The best time to repot is during spring.

And only do so when you see roots coming out from the holes at the bottom of the pot. This is a sign that the plant is root bound.

When this occurs, repot the plant to a container that is 2 inches larger.

 

Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs

The Anthurium Pendens is toxic. And like other anthurium varieties, it is poisonous to people and animals.

As such, try to keep the plant away from young children, dogs and cats.

If ingested, the plant can cause swelling, irritation and pain.

 

Anthurium Pendens Problems & Troubleshooting

Pests

Unfortunately, pests are a normal part of houseplant care. And there’s just no way to prevent them 100%.

So, the best you can do is make sure the plant is healthy so its natural resistance is up. Additionally, clean its leaves since bugs like dust.

And you can apply neem oil or insecticidal soap once a month to help keep the pests away.

The most common pests for this anthurium are spider mites, mealybugs and aphids. These are all small but become damaging when they grow into an infestation.

Therefore, make sure to treat them as early as possible.

 

Diseases

Root rot is a dangerous problem for the Anthurium Pendens since it is an epiphyte. Its roots are not used to nor do they like sitting in water.

And the longer they stay wet, the higher the risk of root rot.

So, it is important to allow the soil to dry between waterings. Additionally, well-draining soil will let the excess moisture quickly drain.

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