The Anthurium Pedatum is a unique looking plant with long stems and beautiful leaves that split towards the ends. It is native to the tropical rainforests of South America.
As such, it enjoys warm weather that’s consistently sunny all year round.
How do you care for the Anthurium Pedatum? The plant likes bright, indirect light. This will let it grow and produce the splits on its leaves. Avoid cold weather as it has poor tolerance to low temperatures.
For optimal growth, keep humidity at 40% and above. Feed the plant with a balanced fertilizer during its growing season. And don’t overwater the plant.
Anthurium Pedatum Plant Care
The Anthurium Pedatum thrives in bright, indirect light. This is the environment it prefers. It will also grow best in this condition.
However, the plant can likewise be kept in medium light. Although, you want to monitor its growth here because it can be finicky at times.
If you can only give it low light, try to supplement the sunlight with grow lights.
This will allow the plant to get enough illumination that it wants.
Note that while the Anthurium Pedatum enjoys plenty of light, there’s a limit to how much it can tolerate as well.
Because it is native to the tropical rainforests where it lives under the shades of the larger trees, it is used to diffused or filtered light.
This means you want to keep it away from intense, direct sunlight.
It can only take about 2 or at most 3 hours of this a day. Anything more will eventually affect it leaves.
At the least, the leaves will turn yellow or become pale in color. At worst, the leaves can get scorched which leaves brown or black burn marks on them.
As such, try to keep the plant away from a south or west facing window.
If you keep it in these locations, you can distance it at least 2 to 3 feet from the window so the sun’s rays don’t touch the plant.
Alternatively, you can also filter the light with sheer curtains or a shade cloth.
The Anthurium Pedatum can tolerate a wide temperature range. As long as you keep conditions between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit it will be happy and healthy.
The plant also enjoys consistent weather.
So, avoid leaving it in areas where temperatures fluctuate quite a bit.
This is one reason that the plant enjoys living indoors in homes. Although, you can keep it in the patio as well.
Outdoors, you’ll need to be more discerning.
That’s because the Anthurium Pedatum is well suited for USDA Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. It likes the consistently warm, sunny climate in these locations which have moderate temperatures from November to March.
Sine the plant is tropical in nature, it does not like the cold nor can it withstand very cold conditions.
Therefore, avoid temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit for long periods of time.
The Anthurium Pedatum likes high humidity. And it can get fussy if you don’t give it enough humidity.
That said, while its preferred humidity levels is 60% to 70%, it will do quite well as long as you keep humidity at 40% and above.
It can likewise tolerate slightly lower than this.
However, if you notice its leaves turn brown especially in the tips and margins, that’s a sign that it needs more humidity.
Sometimes, the leaves can also turn yellow due to dry air. So, do watch out for these symptoms.
If you live somewhere with four seasons, make sure to keep an eye out on how much humidity drops during winters. Cold wintrs tend to dry the air.
How Often to Water Anthurium Pedatum
The Anthurium Pedatum does not like wet nor dry soil. Therefore, staying in the middle is what you want to do.
The plant dislikes it if you let the soil go completely dry. As such, try to keep an eye out and prevent the root ball from drying out all the way down.
On the other hand, wet, soggy soil is even more dangerous.
It can damage the plant especially if you overwater. This can lead to root rot which may eventually even kill your Anthurium Pedatum.
This is why regularly feeling the soil is very important with this plant.
Try to do this once a week.
If it feels very dry, it is time to water the plant. But if the soil feels wet after a few days since you’ve watered it, make sure to check for overwatering or waterlogging.
Only water the plant when the top few inches (2 inches or so) has dried out. This will prevent overwatering as it lets you wait a while before adding more water.
If you water it while the soil is still moist or wet, the roots will eventually end up sitting in too much moisture for very long periods of time.
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Anthurium Pedatum Potting Soil
The Anthurium Pedatum needs well-draining soil to thrive. Avoid dense soil that can get compacted.
You also don’t want to use heavy soils that tend to hold on to water. These will increase the risk of waterlogging which can lead to overwatering and root rot.
Note that well-draining means that the soil holds on to a bit of water to keep it moist. But it will quickly drain excess water to ensure that the roots don’t end up sitting in too much water.
This allows them to get enough air to breathe.
What many people aren’t aware of is that roots need air just as they need water. Therefore, it is never a good idea to water your houseplants frequently.
An easy way to keep the Anthurium Pedatum healthy is to use an Aroid mix.
You can pick up a bag from your favorite garden center or online plant shop.
That said, you can create your own potting mix as well. To do so, just combine:
- 1 part peat
- 1 part perlite
Or you can also go with:
- 1 part peat
- 1 part perlite
- 1 part orchid bark
The two are very similar. The only difference is that the second one adds orchid bark which increases drainage and provides extra aeration because bark is chunky.
In addition to using well-draining potting mix, don’t forget to choose a pot with drainage holes at the bottom.
This will ensure that any moisture that drains from the soil will be able to quickly drip out and exit the container.
The Anthurium Pedatum will grow better with fertilizer. The key is to just apply fertilizer and not to get too fancy with it.
Many home gardeners overthink fertilizer because they try to maximize the growth of their plants. As a result, they end up overdoing it.
Unfortunately, in the case of fertilizer, too much will damage the plant.
You can end up with yellow or brown leaves as well as root damage.
Therefore, giving the plant more nutrients can be dangerous. Instead, just follow the instructions on the product label.
As long as the plant gets the nutrients it needs it will grow faster.
A good fertilizer routine involves using a balanced water soluble fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength.
It only needs feeding during spring and summer as this is when it actively grows. You don’t need to fertilize it during fall or winter.
The Anthurium Pedatum can grow into a good sized plant. This is especially true outdoors.
Indoors and in a container, its size if more manageable.
Nevertheless, its leaves are what makes the plant stunning. And they will get very long and wide. As such, you will need space.
In most cases, you’ll need more width than height since the leaves will spread out sideways.
This also means that pruning is really up to you.
The plant won’t get very messy looking. Although its leaves will get quite big.
This means that you’ll only need to prune it if the leaves get out of control, which isn’t often. Outside of that, the only pruning you need to do is remove dead, old, diseased or discolored leaves.
How to Propagate Anthurium Pedatum
You can propagate the Anthurium Pedatum in a few ways. The most common are:
- Stem cuttings
- Air layering
Because stem cuttings are simple and straightforward. That’s what most home gardeners like to do.
However, if you find that the plant is getting a bit too big for your liking, you can also divide it.
I’ll take you through the different propagation methods and their steps below.
The best time to propagate the plant is during spring. This gives it a full growing season to grow before the cold weather arrives.
Propagating Anthurium Pedatum from Stem Cuttings
To propagate the Anthurium Pedatum from stem cuttings, choose a few healthy stems.
- Make sure each stem cutting has at least one node and a few leaves on it. You want to take a 4 to 8 inch cutting.
- Cut just below a node to make sure it is included with the cutting.
- Next, prepare a container and fill it with well-draining potting mix.
- Apply rooting hormone on the cut end of the stems then plant the stems into the soil. You can plant one cutting per pot or many of them in one container.
- Water the soil and place the pot in bright, indirect light.
It will take about 4 weeks or so for the roots to develop and start establishing themselves in the soil.
Another option to propagating the stem cuttings in soil is to root them in water. This is popular since it allows you to see the roots as they come out and grow.
To propagate Anthurium Pedatum in water,
- Place the stem cuttings in a glass container filled with water. Glass will allow you to monitor the roots as they develop. Although you can use an opaque container if you want.
- Make sure the nodes are submerged in the liquid but don’t put the entire stem in the water. Remove any lower leaves that end up in water as they will rot in time.
- Leave the container in bright, indirect light. Also, change the water once every 2 weeks or so.
In about 3-4 weeks, you will see quite a few roots already growing.
Once the roots each about 2 inches or longer, you can move the cuttings from water into soil.
How to Repot or Transplant Anthurium Pedatum
The Anthurium Pedatum does not need regular repotting. I also don’t suggest immediately repotting it once you get home from the store.
Instead, quarantine the plant as you would every new plant you take home.
Then observe to see whether is has problems or if the soil is retaining too much moisture.
Only repot and change the soil at this time if the soil used by the nursery is not ideal for the plant. Otherwise, I like to just let the plant get acclimated to its new environment first.
This reduces the amount of change it has to adapt to at once.
It is also worth noting that the Anthurium Pedatum enjoys being slightly root bound. Therefore, once it reaches this state, you can leave it there for a while for as long as it looks healthy.
Once its growth starts slowing or the soil dries up very quickly, then it is time to repot.
The best time to repot is during spring.
Find a new container that is 2 inches bigger than its current pot. Also, replace the soil with fresh, well-draining potting mix.
Is It Toxic/Poisonous to Humans, Cats & Dogs
Yes, the plant is toxic to people, cats and dogs. Like other aroids, it contains calcium oxalate crystals that are toxic once ingested.
Therefore, keep the plant away from the reach of young children and pets since they may accidentally eat the leaves or stems.
Anthurium Pedatum Problems & Troubleshooting
The Anthurium Pedatum needs regular inspecting as it can experience pests. The most common pests that bother the plant include mealybugs, aphids and thrips.
All of these are sap sucking insects. As such, they will feed on the plants’ internal juices to rob it of moisture and nutrients.
While they are not very harmful when there are only a few of them, these insects will grow very rapidly in number making them very dangerous.
You can use insecticidal soap or neem oil to get rid of them.
But the earlier to detect them, the easier the pest problem is to fix.
Root rot, bacterial and fungal infections are the biggest things you need to watch out for.
All of these are caused by excess moisture.
Since the plant likes humidity and moist soil, you need to be extra cautious about watering it too often, misting too much or wetting the leaves.
All of these can increase the risk of these diseases.